The Empire State Building is an iconic skyscraper and one of the symbols of America. This 102-storied giant is located at the intersection of the Fifth Avenue and the West 34th Street, and reaches the height of 381 meters, and with its antenna - of 443,2 meters. It was the tallest building in the world until 1972, when the erection of the North tower of the World Trade Center was completed. After the destruction of both towers on the 11th of September 2001, the skyscraper became the highest building of New York again. It was named in honor of the state New York (Empire State) and was declared a National historic landmark. Created in the style of Art Deco, the skyscraper currently belongs to W&H Properties.
The Empire state building was erected at the turn of 20-30 years in the shortest possible time on the money of businessmen John Raskob and Pierre du Pont. The design project was made by the architect William F. Lamb from the firm “Shreve, Lamb and Harmon” in just a few weeks.
The construction works of the future skyscraper began on the 17th of March 1930. About 3,400 workers were involved in the erection, most of whom were immigrants from Europe. Hundreds of Mohawks took part in that work.
The Empire State Building was officially opened on the 1st of May 1931, when the President Herbert Hoover with a simple press of a button turned on the lighting of the building. Initially, the building was empty. The Tower began to generate profits for its owners only in the early 50s.
More than thirty people have committed suicide by jumping from the Skyscraper. In addition, the Empire state building was once hit by a plane (a US bomber of the Air Force B-25 "Mitchell"). It happened on the 28th of July 1945. The result was a fire that was extinguished only after 40 minutes. There were 14 victims of that incident.
The skyscraper has an office space with a total area of 200,500 sq. meters, which is located on 85 floors, and the main observation deck is located on the 86th floor. There is a second observation deck on the 102nd floor. 16 floors, ranging from the 86th, form the tower of the skyscraper in the Art Deco style. The spire of the skyscraper with its height of 62 meters, which was installed in 1952, is covered with many antennas and topped with a lightning rod. In total, the building has 73 elevators.
The Empire State was built in the prewar style. The lobby of the building with the height of three floors is decorated with illuminated images of the eight wonders of the world. In 2009, the extensive restoration work of the building was launched. It required $ 550 million.
The original lighting of the building was first installed in 1964, and since then, the floodlights illuminate the top of the building in different colors. The color is often chosen for a reason and in honor of some event. It can be popular festivals and games of the New York sport teams, a tennis Grand Slam tournament US Open or other important dates.
In 1994, an attraction-simulator for tourists called the New York Skyride that mimic traveling by air over the Big Apple, was opened on the second floor.
Daily 08:00 - 02:00
350 5th Ave, New York, NY 10118, USA
Phone: +1 212-736-3100
40° 44′ 54.36″ N, 73° 59′ 8.36″ W