The Rockefeller center is one of the biggest attractions of New York. It is a major office center.
John D. Rockefeller, Jr conceived it in the late twenties of the XX century. The initial project involved a new theatre for the Metropolitan Opera surrounded by business buildings. However, the stock market crash of 1929 made some adjustments: the idea about the theatre had to be abandoned, investors fled. Then Rockefeller decided to finance the construction alone.
The architect Raymond Good designed the projects of fourteen buildings in the Art Deco style. The erection began in 1930. In 1932, the photographer Charles Clyde Ebbets made his famous shot "Lunch atop a skyscraper". It depicts a lunch of eleven workers sitting on a steel girder without insurance (at the height of 256 meters).
During the war, the building housed the British secret intelligence organization, whose task was the fight against German espionage.
After the war, four towers built in the international style and the Lehman Bros building were added to the 14 initial buildings. The most famous part of the huge complex includes the Radio city music hall and theater for 6 000 spectators, the skyscraper GE building (the headquarters of the NBC television network), the Arts Centre.
The mural by the Spanish artist Josep Maria Sert "American progress" can be seen in the lobby of the GE building. In the thirties, Matisse and Picasso were invited to paint the lobby, but the project was not carried out.
The headquarters of large companies are located in the Rockefeller center. The underground spaces are given to shops, restaurants. The center of the complex has a skating rink, which usually opens on the Columbus Day (the 14th of October) and it functions until early April. At the end of November, a huge Christmas tree with the height of 25-27 meters is installed. It is always someone`s gift, as it is a great honor to donate a Christmas tree to the Rockefeller center.
45 Rockefeller Plaza, New York, NY 10111, USA
Phone: +1 212-332-6868
40° 45′ 31″ N, 73° 58′ 45″ W