The Statue of Liberty was built on the 28th of October 1886. The French gifted the statue to the American people as a sign of friendship between France and America. The monument was recognized as a symbol of the freedom of the American people, a symbol of the United States and New York in General.
The creation of the monument was entrusted to the sculptor and architect Frederic Bartholdi. The deadline was imposed. It was necessary to complete the monument in time by 1876 for the centenary of the Declaration of Independence. It was a joint Franco-American project. The Americans worked over the pedestal, and the statue itself was created in France. In New York, all parts of the statue of Liberty were assembled in a single unit.
A large-scale fund-raising campaign was initiated. There were lotteries, charity concerts and other events. After calculating the design parameters of the immense statue, Bartholdi required the assistance of an experienced engineer. Alexander Gustave Eiffel, the Creator of the Eiffel tower, personally developed the design and sturdy steel support frame of the statue, which allowed the copper shell of the statue to move freely maintaining the balance of the monument.
By August of 1885, the United States managed to collect the necessary sum. By that time, the French finished the statue and delivered the parts of the statue to New York. The statue of Liberty was divided into 350 parts and transported by the frigate "Isere" in 214 crates. During 4 months, all parts of the monument were collected, and on the 26th of October 1886, the opening ceremony of the iconic monument took place.
In 1982, the restoration of the monument was carried out. The President Ronald Reagan personally oversaw that process, Lee Iacocca was appointed the Manager of the project. The great fund- raising campaign was initiated again and the sum of $ 87 million was collected. In 1984, the Statue of Liberty was included into the list of the monuments of the universal importance. On the 5th of July 1986, in honor of the centennial of the monument, the complex was reopened to the public.
There are 354 steps leading to the top of the statue; and 192 steps lead to the top of the pedestal. 25 windows arranged in the crown symbolize gemstones of the Earth and the rays of the sun illuminating the world. The seven rays on the statue's crown symbolize the 7 seas and 7 continents. There are the following words on the tablet, which the statue holds in her left hand: "The 4th of July 1776." 31 tons of copper were used for casting of the statue; and the total weight of the steel structure is 125 tons. The weight of cement basis is 27 thousand tons, and the thickness of the copper coating of the statue is 2,37 mm.
After the 11th of September 2001, the statue and the island were closed due to terrorist threats, but in 2009 excursions were recommenced. Tourists can climb to the statue and its crown.
New York, NY, United States
Phone: (212) 363-3200
40° 41′ 21″ N,
74° 2′ 40″ W
Regular price: $ 25
Reduced price: $24.00
Children price: $ 19.00