Fort Denison is one of the most interesting attractions of Sydney. Earlier, the high-security prison was located at this place. The most dangerous criminals were constrained there. The inhabitants of the island were notorious rascals condemned to death; and in 1796, gallows were installed there to ensure the enforcement of sentences. When the island was a prison, there were no buildings. Towering on 15 meters above the sea and composed of sandstone, the island was a rock. Prisoners under the command of captain George Barney, were engaged in the mining of sandstone for the needs of the colony. After the incident with American warships, which surrounded the island in 1839, the authorities arrived at the decision of construction of a fortified fortress and strengthen the military defense of the harbour. It was decided to build everything on the prison island. The erection of the fortifications began in 1841, but was never completed. Only in 1855 because of concerns and fear of the Russian Navy, which fought in the Crimean war, the second phase of construction began. The fortress was completed in 1857 and was named after sir William Thomas Denison, who held the post of Governor of New South Wales from 1855 to 1861. Now the Fort is located on the territory of the National Park of the harbor. Its visitors can see the exposition of the gun Museum, the bell tower, and the tide gauge.
Sydney Harbour, New South Wales 2000, Australia
Phone: (+61) 2 9361 5208
33° 51′ 17.21″ S, 151° 13′ 32.26″ E